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Information security is the practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, disruption, modification, inspection, recording or destruction of information. Security includes common threats such as viruses, trojans, hacking, keystroke loggers, denial of service and especially nasty ransomware. Security can also address employee theft such as downloading customer information, emailing personal financial or HIPPA restricted information.
Security standards and frameworks, such as the international standard ISO 17799, are increasingly being adopted by third parties and business partners as proof of security credentials.
Organizations that are the most effective at information security tend to demonstrate three characteristics.
- They are driven by results rather than activity.
- They earn credibility by candidly educating company management about security risks and basing their security investment on realistic assessments of risk.
- They are committed to independent standards and to measuring department compliance.
Information security is broken down into two segments including Network Security and Cyber Security. Network security involves protecting and discovering vulnerabilities within the businesses internal network. Most of all cyber security involves protecting your data from web facing hardware and software including web servers, email servers, websites and more
Types of Network Security
- Access Control
- Application Security
- Data Loss Prevention
- Virtual Private Network
- Security Information and Event Management
- Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems
- Wireless Security
Network Security is the process of taking physical and software preventative measures to protect the underlying networking infrastructure from unauthorized access, misuse, malfunction, modification, destruction, or improper disclosure. This creates a secure platform for computers, users and programs to perform their permitted critical functions within a secure environment.
Cyber security is the protection of computer systems from the theft or damage to the hardware, software or the information on them, as well as from disruption or misdirection of the services they provide. It includes controlling physical access to the hardware, as well as protecting against the harm that may come via network access, data and code injection, and due to malpractice by operators, whether intentional, accidental or due to them being tricked into deviating from secure procedures. The field is of growing importance due to the increasing reliance on computer systems and the Internet in most societies, wireless networks such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi – and the growth of “smart” devices, including smartphones, televisions and tiny devices as part of the Internet of Things.
Tools to protect your business
- Denial of Service Attacks
- Distributed Denial of Service Attacks
- Direct Access Attacks
- Man in the Middle Attacks
- Privilege Escalation
These are just a few types of attacks that are used by businesses across the world.